2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)
Human Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that usually cause illnesses like the common cold. Almost everyone gets one of these viruses at some point in their lives. Most of the time, the illness only lasts for a short time.
COVID-19: a new Coronavirus
It was discovered in December 2019 and has now spread throughout the world. As the virus spreads, we are seeing some people with mild illness, some who get very sick, and some who have died. The reason health officials are concerned is because the virus is new, which makes it hard to predict how it will continue to affect people. Researchers and doctors are learning more about it every day, including exactly how it spreads and who is most at risk
Symptoms of COVID-19
Symptoms of COVID-19 can range from mild to severe and can include:
- Shortness of breath
Who is at risk?
According to the CDC, children do not seem to be at higher risk for getting COVID-19.
However, some people are, including:
- Older adults
- People who have serious chronic medical conditions like:
- Heart disease
- Lung disease
- Suppressed immune systems
How to protect your family ?
There is currently no vaccine to prevent COVID-19, but there are a few things you can do to keep your family healthy:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use hand sanitizer. Look for one that is 60% or higher alcohol-based.
Link here to StoryBots why we wash our hands video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UBKvbQ12X1U
- Keep your kids away from others who are sick and keep them home if they are ill.
- Teach kids to cough and sneeze into a tissue (make sure to throw it away after each use!) or to cough and sneeze into their arm or elbow, not their hands.
- Clean and disinfect your home as usual using regular household cleaning sprays or wipes.
- Avoid touching your face; teach your children to do the same.
- Avoid travel to highly infected areas.
What should you do in case you have COVID-19 or think you have been exposed to COVID-19?
While influenza and other viral syndromes are still more likely, there are steps you should take now that COVID-19 has been detected in our community.
Please consider the following actions:
- If your child is not sick, please have him or her stay home, avoid public places and monitor them for 14 days from the time when you think they were exposed.
- Severe illness: If you are experiencing a medical emergency (such as severe shortness of breath, chest pain or altered mental status), please call 911 and request an ambulance to go to one of our local emergency rooms. If you transport yourself to the emergency room, please contact the hospital prior to your arrival.
- Moderate or mild illness: In an effort to protect you, our care teams, and the general public we encourage you to utilize telemedicine to help screen and treat her/his illness. You may also contact Allegheny County Health department at 412-687-2243.
We have clinicians available 24/7 through http//www. https://anytimepediatrics.com our virtual urgent care platform. Enroll at our web site at steelcitysouthpediatrics or download the free iOS or Android mobile app, anytime pediatrics App from the App Store.
- If you or your children are experiencing mild or moderate symptoms, and do not wish to utilize telemedicine please do not walk directly to our office or to any emergency department without calling us first. A phone call allows our team to determine the best location for you to be evaluated. In some cases ,this phone call may allow you to avoid an in-person evaluation, which helps minimize exposure to the public from those with less severe symptoms. If you choose to visit our office without calling ( Walk-In), please be advised that place a mask on your face covering your nose and mouth as soon as you arrive to the office and needs to answer few screening questions before your child can be seen .Keep your child in your car until she/he is clear to come in..
- If your child has an existing routine appointment in our office, and she /he has respiratory symptoms such as fever, cough, or shortness of breath, you should call our office prior to the appointment to discuss how your child care will best be served.
A note about facemasks: The CDC only recommends facemasks for people who have symptoms of COVID-19, not for people who are healthy. Healthcare workers and anyone taking care of someone with COVID-19 should wear facemasks.
More information for parents/caregivers on disease prevention and household cleaning from the CDC can be found here: https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/prevention.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fabout%2Fprevention.html
Helping Children Adjust during School/Daycare Closures
As of March 13, 2020, local schools have announced that schools will be closed for at least 2 weeks. During this time, try to keep your children’s days as routine and scheduled as possible. Here are a few tips that can help:
- Read books with your child. It's not only fun, but reading together strengthens your bond with your child AND helps their development.
- Make time for active play. Bring out the blocks, balls, jump ropes and buckets and let the creativity go. Play games that kids of all ages can play, like tag or duck duck goose. Let your kids make up new games. Encourage older kids to make up a workout or dance to keep them moving.
- Keep an eye on media time. Whenever possible, play video games or go online with your child to keep that time structured and limited. If kids are missing their school friends or other family, try video chats to stay in touch.
Talking to children about COVID-19
There's a lot of news coverage about the outbreak of COVID-19 and it can be overwhelming for parents and frightening to kids. We encourage you to filter information and talk about it in a way that children can understand. These tips can help:
- Simple reassurance. Remind children that researchers and doctors are learning as much as they can, as quickly as they can, about the virus and are taking steps to keep everyone safe.
- Give them control. It's also a great time to remind your children of what they can do to help – washing their hands often, coughing into a tissue or their sleeves, and getting enough sleep.
- Watch for signs of anxiety. Children may not have the words to express their worry, but you may see signs of it. They may get cranky, be more clingy, have trouble sleeping, or seem distracted. Keep the reassurance going and try to stick to your normal routines.
- Monitor their media. Keep young children away from frightening images they may see on TV, social media, computers, etc. For older children, talk together about what they are hearing on the news and correct any misinformation or rumors you may hear.
- Be a good role model. COVID-19 doesn't discriminate and neither should we. While COVID-19 started in Wuhan, China, it doesn't mean that having Asian ancestry – or any other ancestry – makes someone more susceptible to the virus or more contagious. Stigma and discrimination hurt everyone by creating fear or anger towards others. When you show empathy and support to those who are ill, your children will too.
Source :American Academy of Pediatrics (Copyright © 2020)